Lincoln County was created in 1889 from parts of Elbert and Bent Counties. Geographically, the county forms a backward block L, which is 72 miles long and 48 miles wide in the south, but only 30 miles wide in the north. The total area of Lincoln County is 2,593 square miles of rolling prairie with several river valleys and numerous sand hills. Lincoln County geographically is part of the high plains portion of the Colorado Piedmont, and as such the terrain is quite flat and ranges in elevation from 4,500 feet in the southeast to approximately 5,400 feet in the northwest. Lincoln County includes the cities of Hugo, Limon and Pumpkin Center, to name a few. Lincoln County has extensive range land with lush green short grass pastures. Lincoln County, Colorado also has level farmland and active mineral production with more land being leased.